Taking Notes

When we are writing biographies, we must be very careful how we use the information that we have read in our sources. We have to be cautious not to copy sentences or passages from books, articles, or Web sites without identifying them. Copying is plagiarism because you are using ideas or writings of another person and presenting these writings or ideas as your own. To prevent plagiarism, take notes as you read; concentrating on the questions that you are working with. Make sure that you restate ideas in your own words. One strategy for avoiding plagiarism is to use a "note box". To learn how to use a note box, click here.

Writing a Bibliography

A bibliography is a list of books and other sources that you have used in your research. Keep track of the resources as you use them so that you can create a bibliography of resources. You will include it at the end of your project. There are many ways to write a bibliography. Here is one method that you may use.

How to List Resources
 Type of Resource
 Example

ENCYCLOPEDIA
Name of encyclopedia


World Book, Volume

BOOK
Title, Author, Year Book Published


Buried Cities, J. Hall, 1964

PERIODICAL (Magazines)
Title of Magazine, Date of Magazine


National Geographic, October, 1975

INTERNET
Title of site, URL (address)
Author, Date last changed


The Industrial Revolution,
http://www.peninsula.starway.net.au/,Ed Creely, 1997

FILM OR FILMSTRIP
Title, Company producing film


"Life Cycle of a Frog", McGraw-Hill

NONWRITTEN SOURCE
(Charts, Pictures, Diagrams)
Title, Location or company that produce it

"Bird Migration" National Autoubon Society

PERSON
Name, Occupation or vocation


Mr. Walter Cronkite, newscaster

PLACE (Museum)
Name, Location

American Museum of Natural History,
New York

FILE
Name, Title of pamphlet,
Location


Archaeology File, "How to Dig Indian Relics", SWEPT

This reference was reprinted from the CCHS Technology-Support Inquiry Workbook - 11/9/98 by Carole Bamford and Judith McBride-Boone. It is used with permission of the author.